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what is the actual definitions of beam and column?If a pen is placed vertically,is it called a column or else if is placed horizontally is it called as beam...??????????
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Any concrete material when used horizontally, it is called beam...and if it used as vertical element,it is called column.
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Beam is flexural member and column is axial member.......generally in structure all our vertical member are designed to resist the axial force and thus called column and horizontal member resist the bending........

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