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Feb 26, 2016 / Haseeb Jamal -

5 Travel Myths You Need to Stop Believing Right Now

Feb 26, 2016 / Haseeb Jamal -

Canal Comes Alive with Lighted Boat Parade.

What is LRFD? How Load and Resistance Factor Design Works?

Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) is a design methodology used in structural engineering to ensure the safety and reliability of structures. It is an alternative to the traditional Allowable Stress Design (ASD) approach. LRFD is widely adopted in many countries, including the United States.

Limit States in Structural Engineering: Deflection, Fatigue, Shear etc.

A limit state in structural engineering refers to a condition or state at which a structural system or component can no longer perform its intended function safely and efficiently. It is the point beyond which the structure or component is considered to have reached its design limit and may no longer be capable of carrying the

Types of Loads in a Building

Types of Loads refer to the various forces and pressures that act on structures. These loads play a crucial role in the design and analysis of buildings, bridges, and other engineering structures. Here are brief explanations of different types of loads:

Eccentricity of an Applied Force

The eccentricity of an applied force refers to the distance between the line of action of the force and the axis of rotation or the point of application. In other words, it measures the offset or the perpendicular distance between the force and the axis or point about which the structure or object rotates or experiences the load.

Types of Coastal Structures

Sea walls are vertical or near-vertical structures constructed along the coastline to provide protection against wave action and coastal erosion. Groynes are long, linear structures built perpendicular to the shoreline. They trap sediment and help maintain or build up beaches.

Phases in a Structural Engineering Project

The structural design of engineer usually acts in service to the functional designer, who normally provides the leadership in carrying out an engineering project. In the civil engineering field, he assists the transportation engineer, hydraulic engineer, or sanitary engineer by providing the structures needed to implement their projects.

Structure Analysis - Introduction and Background

The determination of internal actions and deformations is called Structural Analysis OR The determination of response of the structure to loads. The process of determination can be by: Structural Analysis Softwares Manual manipulations and calculations Structural Analysis consists of: Analysis & Design of a structure

Stability - Stable & Unstable Structures & Members

The resistance offered by a structure to undesirable movement like sliding, collapsing and over turning etc is called stability. STABLE STRUCTURES: A stricter is said to be stable if it can resist the applied load without moving OR A structure is said to be stable if it has sufficient number of reactions to resist the load without moving. UNSTABLE STRUCTURE A structure which has

Steps in Designing a Transfer Floor

Design of reinforced concrete transfer floors, although routinely performed by structural design engineers, is a very challenging task. The transfer floors are commonly used in multi-storey buildings, and they are major structural elements carrying a number of floors. Normally the entire building, 10 to 15 levels, is carried by a transfer slabs. The major problem is the evaluation

Analyzing Equilibrium and Redundancy of Indeterminate Structures

While analyzing any indeterminate structure using any method, it is necessary that the solution satisfy the following requirements: Equilibrium of the Structure Compatibility of the Structure Force Displacement Requirements

Definition and Types of Structures and Structural Members

Truss (Pin connected joints): A type of structure formed by members in triangular form, the resulting figure is called a truss. In truss joints are pin connected and loads are applied at joints. No shear force & bending moment are produced. Only axial compression and axial tension is to be determined while analyzing a truss. Structural Members: Those members that are

Tunnel Engineering | Methods of Tunneling and Hazards

Tunnel, passage, gallery, or roadway beneath the ground or underwater. Tunnels are used for highway traffic, railways, and subways; to transport water, sewage, oil, and gas; to divert rivers around dam sites while the dam is being built; and for military and civil-defense purposes. Subterranean galleries are a series of horizontal passageways on different levels, as in

Functions of Slab and Design of Slab

A flat piece of concrete, put on the walls or columns of a structure. It serves as a walking surface but may also serve as a load bearing member, as in slab homes. Its necessary to check the slab deflection for all load cases both for short and long term basis. In general, under full service load, Deflection (d) < L/250 or 40 mm whichever is smaller. Check for lateral

Methods of Simple Truss Analysis

A truss structure is composed of slender members joined together at their end points Members are commonly wooden struts or metal bars Joint connections are formed by bolting or welding the ends of the members to a common plate (gusset plate) or by simply passing a large bolt or pin through each of the members

Simply Supported UDL Beam Formulas and Equations

A simply supported beam is the most simple arrangement of the structure. The beam is supported at each end, and the load is distributed along its length. A simply supported beam cannot have any translational displacements at its support points, but no restriction is placed on rotations at the supports. Fig:1 Formulas for Design of Simply Supported Beam having

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