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Road Construction Machinery

By: Haseeb Jamal / On: Jan 22, 2017 / Roads, Construction
Road Construction Machinery

Road construction machinery is found in a wide variety ranging from very heavy equipment to portable and lighter equipment. These modern and high-construction equipment make the construction job easier and quicker.

Also, the work done by heavy machinery is of good quality, this is the reason that we find a wide variety of equipment at every construction site. The heavy machines make possible a lot of tasks to be completed safely and more reliably that cannot be carried out manually. However, the equipment always requires a person or two to perform its heavy functions. The construction work carried out by the manifold heavy equipment can be classified into three major categories which are as follows:

  1. Earthwork Machinery
  2. Road Works Machinery
  3. Lifting Machinery

Earthwork Machinery:

Construction MachineryThis involves engineering works where large quantities of materials such as soils or rocks are needed to be transferred from the origin to the site where the road is being constructed. The construction machines used to carry out the earthen works include excavators, loaders, dozers, graders, and scrapers.


As the name indicates excavators are used to dig the earth. They are quite commonly used in construction and are an essential part of the resources that are required for any building project. Excavators are heavy construction machinery used for digging and excavating soil, rocks, and other materials. They typically have a bucket at the end of a long arm, called a boom, which can be rotated and extended to reach various depths and distances. Excavators are commonly used in construction projects, such as digging foundations, trenches, and holes, as well as in mining and demolition activities.


They are also used for digging and are universally considered to perform faster than excavators. Their main function is to move loose soil. Loaders, also known as front loaders or wheel loaders, are machines equipped with a large bucket at the front. They are used for loading materials, such as soil, gravel, sand, and debris, into trucks or other vehicles. Loaders have a wide range of applications, including in construction sites, mining operations, and agricultural activities.


The dozer machines are used to prepare the surface to be constructed by moving and changing the soil. A dozer is a useful machine that pushes and spreads the soil to create a flat and even surface. Dozers, or bulldozers, are heavy machines primarily used for earthmoving tasks. They are equipped with a large metal blade at the front, which can be raised or lowered and angled to push soil, rubble, or other materials. Dozers are commonly used for tasks like clearing land, leveling terrain and pushing large amounts of material during construction or mining operations.


The function of a grader is quite similar to the dozer. It is used to smooth out the construction surface and level it. This equipment is particularly useful in road construction sites. Graders, also known as motor graders, are machines used for the precision leveling and grading of surfaces. They have a long, adjustable blade positioned between the front and rear wheels. The blade can be lowered, raised, and angled to create a smooth and even surface. Graders are commonly used in road construction, preparing building sites, and maintaining unpaved roads.


A scraper is another type of construction equipment that is used to scrape a thin layer of soil and then carry it meters away as desired. They are commonly used in big project sites. Scrapers, or earthmovers, are heavy equipment used for moving large quantities of earth, soil, or loose material. They consist of a hopper or bowl, which can be filled with material, and a cutting edge at the front. The material is scraped into the bowl, and the scraper transports and unloads it at another location. Scrapers are commonly used in large-scale earthmoving projects, such as highway construction and mining operations.

Road Work Machinery:

All the functions involved in the construction of roads fall under this category. Road construction is a common application of construction equipment. Road construction equipment refers to a variety of machines specifically designed for tasks related to road construction and maintenance. This can include equipment like asphalt pavers, compactors, milling machines, and road sweepers. These machines are used for tasks such as laying asphalt, compacting soil or pavement, removing old asphalt, and cleaning roads.

Milling Machine:

The milling machine in road works is used for repair works to remove a layer of unwanted material from roads so that a new layer can be created by disposing of the destroyed layer. A milling machine, also known as a cold planer or asphalt milling machine, is used in road construction to remove the top layer of an existing pavement surface. It has a rotating drum with teeth or cutting bits that grind and remove the asphalt or concrete surface, leaving a textured or milled surface behind. Milling machines are often used to prepare roads for resurfacing or to create a rough texture for improved traction.


A paver is an essential road construction machine used to lay out or spread asphalt or concrete layer on roadways. A paver, or asphalt paver, is a machine used in road construction to lay asphalt or concrete on a prepared surface. It receives the asphalt or concrete mixture from a truck and spreads it evenly across the road width using a screed. Pavers ensure a smooth and uniform surface, and they can also be equipped with additional attachments for tasks like applying a surface treatment or creating a specific road profile.


Compactors are used for compacting the various layers of the roads after spreading them. As the name indicates compactors as road construction machines are used to compress the materials in construction sites and roads. They compress and compact the soil for further construction purposes or compact the asphalt or concrete roads in a smooth layer enabling them to function properly. Compactors are machines used to compress or compact different materials, such as soil, gravel, asphalt, or waste. They are typically used to increase the density and stability of the material being compacted. Compactors come in various forms, including vibratory rollers, plate compactors, and pneumatic compactors. They are commonly used in road construction, landscaping, and waste management to create solid and stable surfaces.

Lifting Machinery:

These equipment are used to lift heavy objects and materials on construction sites. They occur in varying types depending on the requirement or height of lifting and the object to be lifted. Lifting machinery refers to equipment designed for lifting and moving heavy loads. In the construction industry, this can include machines like cranes, forklifts, and hoists. These machines are used to lift and transport heavy materials, equipment, and prefabricated structures on construction sites. Lifting machinery plays a crucial role in various construction activities, such as erecting buildings, setting up structural components, and handling large objects.

Tower Crane:

They are used to lift different building materials such as concrete, steel, etc and they have the specific function of rising to a great height. A tower crane is a type of lifting machinery commonly used in construction projects to lift and move heavy materials and equipment. It consists of a tall tower, which provides height and stability, and a horizontal jib with a lifting mechanism at the end. Tower cranes are often used for tasks like lifting steel beams, concrete panels, and other construction materials to great heights. They are known for their impressive lifting capacity and reach.

Tractor Crane:

They are also used for lifting and carrying heavy materials on the construction site and they can move about freely because of their compact structure. A tractor crane, also known as a truck-mounted crane, is a mobile crane mounted on a truck chassis. It combines the mobility of a truck with the lifting capabilities of a crane. Tractor cranes are versatile machines used for various lifting and construction tasks, such as loading and unloading heavy materials, erecting structures, and assisting in assembly or disassembly operations. They are commonly used in construction sites, logistics operations, and transportation of heavy equipment.


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