Sanitary Sewer Design Example 3
Example Statement
Design a sanitary sewer to serve a population of 5,000 people, if the average consumption is 400 liters per capita per day (lpcd). How many extra persons can be served if the slope is doubled? Using "n" value of 0.013 in the Manning's formula & the return flow as 70%. Check the minimum selfcleaning velocity. Neglect infiltration & inflow?
Given Data:  
Population (P) 
= 5000 Persons 
Average water consumption (q) 
= 400 lpcd 
Manning Coefficient (n) 
= 0.013 
Return Flow 
= 70 % 
Assume Slop (s) 
= 0.005 
Required: 
1. Find the Velocity (V) =? Also check minimum self cleaning velocity 
2. When the slope is doubled find the extra population to be served =? 
Solution: 

PART 1  
Average waste water flow (q_{w}) 
= P * Return flow (%) * q 
= 5000 * 0.7 * 400  
= 1,400,000 lpcd  
= 0.0162 m^{3}/sec  
Let take peaking factor (P.F) 
= 3 
Peak Hourly Waste Water Flow 
= 3 * 0.0162 
= 0.0486 m^{3}/sec 
Now finding the diameter of sewer pipe line 
Using discharge formula; 
Q = AV 
0.0162 = (D^{2}) ( R^{2/3} S^{1/2}) 
D = 0.264 m (264mm or 10.40”) 
Use 12” Dia pipe 
Checking the minimum self cleaning velocity 
V = ( R^{2/3} S^{1/2 }) Where R = (D/4)^{2/3} for circular pipe 
V = 0.96 m/sec 
V_{min} = 0.6 m/sec < V = 0.96 m/sec < V_{max} = 2.5 m/sec 
PART 2 
Doubling the slope i.e. 2 S = 0.01 
Q = ( D^{2}) ( R^{2/3} S^{1/2}) 
Q = 0.0331 (m^{3}/s) 
Q = P * q_{w} 
P = Q/q_{w }Where q_{w} = Return flow (%) * q (= 280 lpcd ) 
P = 
P = 10,216 Persons 
So, if the slop is doubled then total of 10,216 extra persons can be served.