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Standard Test for Consistency of Cement Paste by Vicat Apparatus

By: Haseeb Jamal / On: Dec 03, 2017 / Lab-Notes, Concrete Lab
Cement Paste

(ASTM Designation: ASTM C187)


This test method is used to determine the amount of water required to prepare hydraulic cement pastes with normal consistency, as required for certain standard tests.

Standard Consistency

The percentage amount of water which is required to prepare standard cement paste when vicat plunger penetrate under 10±1mm reading is known as standard consistency or normal consistency cement paste.

Apparatus and Materials

Electrical Balance, Vicat Apparatus, Spatula, Trowel, Mould, Pot, Distilled Water and Ordinary Portland Cement etc.


  1. Take ordinary Portland cement of 500 grams and weight it in the electrical balance.
  2. Take 26-33% of water to cement Say in first trial take 26 % (130ml) water in a graduated cylinder
  3. Now take a pot and put the cement and water in it and mix with the help of trowel.
  4. Form the cement paste into a ball by hands then Press the ball into the larger end of the conical mould, held in the other hand by completely filling the mould with cement paste.
  5. Remove the excessive cement paste from the mould with the help of spatula and place the mould under the plunger needle of 1mm
  6. Tight the plunger at the level so that it touches the surface of cement paste then set the movable indicator of vicat apparatus to upper zero mark of the scale and gently releases the plunger to cement paste to penetrate for 30 seconds.
  7. Note the penetration of plunger into the cement paste. It should be 10±1mm if not then repeat the whole procedure by changing the percentage amount of water in each trial.


  1. The mixing of cement should be done in non-porous glass plate.
  2. The plunger needle should be clean every time before its penetration in the cement paste.
  3. Vicat apparatus should be free from vibration during the penetration.

Observations and Calculations

Weight of Cement = W1

Water taken in graduated cylinder = W2

% water in W1gm cement = W2 / 100 W1

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