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Types of Paints

By: Haseeb Jamal / On: Jul 08, 2017 / Paints, Types of
Types of Paints

Paints can be classified into different types on the basis of:

  • Their Function
  • Binder or Medium
  • Pigment Used
  • Sheen
  • Appearance

Based on Their Function

a. Primers or Undercoats

A preparatory coating applied before painting for better adhesion

b. Finishing Coats

Polish to create a smooth and shiny surface

c. Sanding Sealer

Sanding sealer fills small pits and pores. It is usually applied on wooden surfaces to achieve smother surface

d. Floor Paint

Long lasting paints used to provide good and hard surface finish for concrete or other rough floors, e.g. Urethane Oil-Based Paint

e. Galvanized Iron Primer

It is a water-based anti-corrosive quick drying coat applied on metal surfaces

f. Spray Paint

Applied with spray gun for even and smooth surface finish

Based on Pigment Used

a. Zinc Rich or Zinc Dust Primer

Zinc rich paints are used to withstand continuous temperature up to 550 C°. It is also used to protect the surface against weathering and corrosion as well as prevention of underfilm corrosion attack

b. White Lead Paints

It is the cheapest and decolorizes on exposure and is therefore commonly used for ordinary buildings. It is not suitable for exterior works. It cannot be used as a protection against corrosion

c. Graphite Paint

It consists of powdered graphite and oil and is used to coat metallic structures

d. Red Lead Paints:

In combination with linseed oil it may be used as a thick, long-lasting anti-corrosive layer

e. Micaceous Iron Oxide

Used for the protection of steel against corrosion

f. Calcium Plumbate Primer:

Can be applied both on timber and metal, and is therefore ideal where the two are combined. e.g. A metal window frame with a wooden outer frame.

g. Zinc Chromate:

Used as a corrosion resistant agent and increase the durability of the surface several times

Based on Sheen of a Paint

The sheen of paint is the amount of light reflected by the painted surface. Depending on level of sheen paints may be of four types;

  1. Flat Paints
  2. Paints with Satin Finish
  3. Semi-Gloss Paints
  4. Gloss Paints

Based on Appearance

  • Eggshell
  • Multicolored
  • Matt
  • Iridescent Texture
  • Satin Finish
  • Wrinkle Finish
  • Semi-Gloss
  • Luminous
  • Fluorescent
  • Gloss
  • Crackle Finish
  • Flat

Based on Binder/Medium

  • Acrylic
  • Latex Paint
  • Latex Polyvinyl Acetate (PVA)
  • Shellac Based Paint
  • Spirit Based Paint
  • Epoxy Paint
  • Polyurethane
  • Alkyd Resin
  • Tung Oil Paint
  • Linseed Oil Paint
  • Distemper
  • Emulsion
  • Chlorinated Rubber

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